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DESCRIPTIONFour wheeled motorized wheelchair: battery-powered chair designed to transport a person who is unable to walk, and unable to operate a manual (arm-powered) wheelchair.
Three-wheeled motorized wheelchair: battery-powered with a chair seat mounted on a platform, supported on 3 wheels. It has a single control unit that may be controlled with one arm.
Motorized wheelchairs are covered when all the following general requirements are met:
Three-wheeled motorized wheelchairs are covered by prescription when, in addition to the above requirements: There is severe impairment of functional mobility such that the member is unable to maneuver a manual wheelchair for distance greater than 50 feet.
Four-wheeled motorized wheelchairs are covered by prescription when, in addition to the above general requirements: There is severe impairment of functional mobility such that the patient is unable to maneuver a manual wheelchair or three-wheeled motorized scooter for a distance of greater than 50 feet.
Three or four wheeled motorized wheelchairs are not medically necessary for any of the following:
POLICY GUIDELINESMotorized wheelchairs such as iBOT etc. are covered under the standard benefit. (added 11/20/2003)
The medical necessity of claims involving special features and attachments are reviewed on an individual consideration basis.
The coverage guidelines outlined in the Medical Policy Manual should not be used in lieu of the Member's specific benefit plan language.
POLICY HISTORY8/1998: Approved by Medical Policy Advisory Committee (MPAC)
2/28/2002: Managed Care Requirements deleted
5/10/2002: Type of Service and Place of Service deleted
8/28/2002: Policy renamed "Motorized Wheelchairs"
3/19/2003: CPT code range E1170-E1200, E1210-E1213, E1220-E1224, K0001-K0014 listed separately
11/2003: Reviewed by MPAC, no changes in coverage criteria, motorized wheelchairs such as iBOT etc. are covered under the standard benefit
2/27/2004: Code Reference section updated, HCPCS E0983, E0984, E1065 added, HCPCS E0192, E1091, E1170, E1171, E1172, E1180, E1190, E1195, E1200, E1220, E1221, E1222, E1223, E1224, K0001, K0002, K0003, K0004, K0005, K0006, K0007, K0009 deleted
3/22/2005: Code Reference section updated, HCPCS E1065 deletion date 3/31/2004 added, HCPCS E2368, E2369, E2370 with effective date 1/1/2005 added
3/15/2006: Coding revised. HCPCS 2006 revisions added to policy
3/20/2006: Policy reviewed, no changes
Issued 1990, reviewed 1991 based upon information submitted to the BCBSMA Interspecialty Medical Advisory Committee, by the president of the Massachusetts Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Society. Reviewed 3/1997 inclusions for 3 and 4 wheeled chairs clarified to add: "without a wheelchair, the patient would be confined to bed/chair", and to apply exclusions equally to 3 and 4 wheeled chairs, in accordance with HCFA regulations; and to exclude use as a back-up item.
CODE REFERENCEThis is not intended to be a comprehensive list of codes. Some codes may be variable, and coverage will be based on the clinical indication for the service.