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Please perform a formulary drug search on your patient’s member ID to ensure the prescription drug is covered under their benefit plan. The medication(s) in this medical policy may not be covered under a specific member’s benefit plan.
DESCRIPTIONAtypical antipsychotics, as a group, have diverse pharmacodynamic profiles differing considerably from the typical antipsychotics, but in general have an increased affinity for serotonin 5-HT2 receptors compared with D2 receptors. They act on several neurotransmitter systems, including antagonism at 1 or more types of dopamine receptors (eg, D1, D2, D4, D5); selectivity for limbic dopamine receptors; antagonism at 1 or more types of serotonin receptors (eg, 5-HT1, 5-HT2) ; antagonism at alpha-1 adrenergic receptors; and activity at muscarinic or histamine H1 receptors.
Fanapt (iloperidone) is indicated for the treatment of schizophrenia in adults.
Invega (paliperidone) is indicated for the treatment of schizophrenia in adults and adolescents (12 -17 years of age), and for the treatment of schizoaffective disorder as monotherapy and as an adjunct to mood stabilizers and/or antidepressant therapy in adults.
Saphris (asenapine) is indicated for the treatment of manic or mixed episodes associated with bipolar 1 disorder in adults.
Latuda (lurasidone) is indicated for the treatment of schizophrenia, depressive episodes associated with Bipolar 1 disorder as monotherapy or as adjunctive therapy with lithium or valproate.
Previous use of samples or vouchers/coupons will not be considered for authorization.
Fanapt, Invega, Saphris, and Latuda are considered medically necessary for patients who meet the following criteria:
POLICY EXCEPTIONSAtypical antipsychotic prior authorization is not required for Federal Employee Program (FEP) and State Health Plan members.
Medically Necessary is defined as those services, treatments, procedures, equipment, drugs, devices, items or supplies furnished by a covered Provider that are required to identify or treat a Member's illness, injury or Nervous/Mental Conditions, and which Company determines are covered under this Benefit Plan based on the criteria as follows in A through D:
A. consistent with the symptoms or diagnosis and treatment of the Member's condition, illness, or injury; and
B. appropriate with regard to standards of good medical practice; and
C. not solely for the convenience of the Member, his or her Provider; and
D. the most appropriate supply or level of care which can safely be provided to Member. When applied to the care of an Inpatient, it further means that services for the Member's medical symptoms or conditions require that the services cannot be safely provided to the Member as an Outpatient.
For the definition of Medically Necessary, “standards of good medical practice” means standards that are based on credible scientific evidence published in peer-reviewed medical literature generally recognized by the relevant medical community, and physician specialty society recommendations, and the views of medical practitioners practicing in relevant clinical areas and any other relevant factors. BCBSMS makes no payment for services, treatments, procedures, equipment, drugs, devices, items or supplies which are not documented to be Medically Necessary. The fact that a Physician or other Provider has prescribed, ordered, recommended, or approved a service or supply does not in itself, make it Medically Necessary.
Investigative is defined as the use of any treatment procedure, facility, equipment, drug, device, or supply not yet recognized as a generally accepted standard of good medical practice for the treatment of the condition being treated and; therefore, is not considered medically necessary. For the definition of Investigative, “generally accepted standards of medical practice” means standards that are based on credible scientific evidence published in peer-reviewed medical literature generally recognized by the relevant medical community, and physician specialty society recommendations, and the views of medical practitioners practicing in relevant clinical areas and any other relevant factors. In order for equipment, devices, drugs or supplies [i.e, technologies], to be considered not investigative, the technology must have final approval from the appropriate governmental bodies, and scientific evidence must permit conclusions concerning the effect of the technology on health outcomes, and the technology must improve the net health outcome, and the technology must be as beneficial as any established alternative and the improvement must be attainable outside the testing/investigational setting.
The coverage guidelines outlined in the Medical Policy Manual should not be used in lieu of the Member's specific benefit plan language.
01/01/2014: New policy added.
07/06/2015: Code Reference section updated for ICD-10.
10/26/2015: Policy section updated to state: Previous use of samples or vouchers/coupons will not be considered for authorization.
02/02/2016: Approved by Pharmacy & Therapeutics (P&T) Committee. Policy guidelines updated to add medically necessary and investigative definitions.
05/26/2016: Policy number added.
SOURCE(S)Fanapt® Prescribing Information
Invega® Prescribing Information
Latuda® Prescribing Information
Saphris® Prescribing Information
CODE REFERENCEThis may not be a comprehensive list of procedure codes applicable to this policy.
The code(s) listed below are ONLY medically necessary if the procedure is performed according to the "Policy" section of this document.